FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
What is CBD?
CBD is short for Cannabidiol, it is one of the most prominent naturally-occurring cannabinoid component in the cannabis plant. Unlike another famous molecule, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD is completely non-psychoactive and never makes you feel “high”. Though CBD is just one of over 60 cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, many scientific studies have indicated that CBD possesses the greatest therapeutic potential of all the cannabinoids.
CBD can be derived from hemp and marijuana. All our CBD is derived from natural, plant-based hemp, which is legal in all 50 states. CBD derived from hemp is rich in medicinal and therapeutic benefits, and naturally low in THC.
What is CBD statute?
The legality or illegality of CBD is primarily based on its source. This is strange, for sure. But it’s an unintended result of the case and statutory law that has grown up around hemp. In particular, hemp from abroad, which has been legal for many years, has a different “legal genealogy” from domestic hemp, which has only been legal to cultivate in the US since 2014.
Domestically sourced CBD: If CBD is extracted from the “marijuana” plant (ie, more than 0.3% THC) then it is Federally illegal. If it is extracted from the “industrial hemp” plant pursuant to state hemp laws that comply with the 2014 Farm Bill then it is legal within that state. Based on section 763 of the 2015 Omnibus Spending Bill no Federal Funds can be used to interfere with hemp (or its products) so long as it was cultivated in a hemp-legal state. This provision explicitly extends to non-interference in states that have not enacted hemp laws. (This funding issue is essentially the same issue that was addressed in the MMJ context in the 9th Ciruit McIntosh case.) So, from a practical standpoint state-legal hemp products are Federally legal throughout the US. However, since the Omnibus Spending bill only affects funding, it doesn’t trigger the Supremacy Clause (the clause in the Constitution that says Federal law trumps state law); therefore, states in which hemp and its products remain illegal and who do not utilize Federal Funds (to the extent that any such states actually exist) can enforce their anti-cannabis laws to prohibit CBD sales or use.
Foreign sourced CBD: If the CBD is sourced from an “industrial hemp” plant from abroad, and it contains less than 0.3% THC, it is Federally legal in all 50 states pursuant to the Hemp Indus. cases. Furthermore, the Supremacy Clause is implicated with respect to foreign sourced hemp since the laws arise out of Federal cases deciding substantive issues of law and not through a funding provision, making those CBD products legal under state law, too. This is the major legal method by which CBD merchants are able to sell CBD nationwide. (The quality of foreign-sourced CBD can be more difficult to ascertain, for sure, but that’s an entirely different issue from the legal status.)
FDA “overlay”: Finally, the FDA has recently stepped and announced that edible products in which CBD has been added violate the Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act. This doesn’t apply to products made from CBD rich hemp oil, only those edible products to which CBD isolate has been added. As you are probably aware, the FDA also contends that CBD cannot be sold as a dietary supplement.
What’s the difference between hemp and marijuana?
1. Plant Difference
Although both plants are part of the same species, hemp and marijuana have some significant differences.
1) a.Hemp grows up to 15 feet tall and has long massive stalks, it is comfortably closely packed together.
b.Hemp is grown in over 30 different countries.
C. Hemp can be grown in a wide range of areas, and grows best on fields that produce high yields for corn.
2) a. Marijuana rarely exceeds 5 feet height and grows outwards with more leaves and buds, each plants need space to grow.
b.Marijuana remains illegal in most.
c.Marijuana must be grown in generally warm and humid environments to get the desired quantity and quality of THC-containing buds.
2. Chemical compounds
In both marijuana and hemp, two types of cannabinoids stand out: Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) & Cannabidiol (CBD)
1)Hemp has barely any THC at all, with average content between 0.05-1%. Hemp contains more CBD than the average cannabis plant.
2) Flowers of an average marijuana plant contain THC levels of 10-14%.
3. What each oil contains?
1) hemp oil contains <0.3%THC, 18-27% CBD.
2) Marijuana oil contains 50-60%THC, 10-15% CBD.
4. Uses of each oil
1) hemp, with high CBD, low THC content, usually used for relaxing, moisturizing, soothing, calming.
2)marijuana, with high THC, low CBD content, usually used for recreational and psychoactive.
CBD vs THC
CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a non-psychoactive chemical compounds in Cannabis, responsible for many cannabises of medical benefits. On the other hand, THC, short for tetrahydrocannabinol, psychoactive compound in marijuana, that causes the “high”,associated with cannabis issues, they are two completely separate cannabinoids, which are a class of chemical compounds.
1) The High
THC is probably best known for being the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. CBD, however, is non-psychoactive. In other words, CBD can’t get you high. While disappointing to recreational users, this unique feature of CBD is what makes it so appealing as a medicine.
Doctors usually prefer treatments with minimal side effects, which has been a major barrier to the acceptance of medical marijuana. Likewise, CBD has been used to treat younger children with various ailments.
THC is known to cause some people to feel anxious or paranoid. But CBD is believed to have the opposite effect. In fact, studies show that CBD works to counteract the anxiety caused by ingesting THC. A number of studies also suggest that CBD can reduce anxiety when administered on its own.
In addition to being non-psychoactive, CBD seems to have antipsychotic properties. Researchers believe that CBD may project marijuana users from getting too high by reducing the psychosis-like effects of THC. However, regulating the mind-altering activity of THC isn’t all that CBD is good for. On its own, CBD is being tested as an antipsychotic medicine for people with schizophrenia.
One of the most common uses of marijuana is as a sleep aid. THC is believed to be responsible for most of marijuana’s sleep-inducing effects. On the other hand, studies suggest CBD acts to promote wakefulness, making CBD a poor choice as a sleep medicine. The opposite effects of CBD and THC on sleep may explain why some strains of cannabis cause users to feel drowsy while others are known to boost energy.
5) Legal Status
While most countries have strict laws surrounding marijuana and THC, the legal status of CBD is less clear. In the United States, CBD is technically illegal since it is classified as a Schedule I drug under federal law. A pharmaceutical form of CBD, called Epidiolex, was only recently cleared by the FDA to be tested in children with severe epilepsy.
On the other hand, CBD is found in hemp, which can be legally imported and sold in the U.S. Some companies have taken advantage of this loophole by importing high-CBD hemp extracts from other countries where hemp is produced.
Is there any difference between hemp CBD and marijuana CBD?
“CBD is CBD—It doesn’t matter where it comes from.”
Yes it does matter. The flower-tops and leaves of some industrial hemp strains may be a viable source of CBD (legal issues notwithstanding), but hemp is by no means an optimal source of cannabidiol. Industrial hemp typically contains far less cannabidiol than CBD-rich cannabis. Huge amounts of industrial hemp are required to extract a small amount of CBD, thereby raising the risk of toxic contaminants because hemp is a “bio-accumulator” that draws heavy metals from the soil. Single-molecule CBD synthesized in a lab or extracted and refined from industrial hemp lacks critical medicinal terpenes and secondary cannabinoids found in cannabis strains. These compounds interact with CBD and THC to enhance their therapeutic benefits.
Why CBD is legal?
According to the 2014 Farm Bill signed by President Barack Obama, Section 7606 of the 2014 Farm Bill authorized the growth and cultivation of industrial hemp, from which CBD ostensibly derives.
For the legality of CBD (cannabidiol), The biggest difference is THC level. While marijuana plants contain high levels of THC, hemp contains very little of the psychoactive chemical, containing no more than 0.3% THC. This single difference is what most rely on to distinguish hemp from marijuana.
Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2013 - Amends the Controlled Substances Act to exclude industrial hemp from the definition of "marijuana." Defines "industrial hemp" to mean the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of such plant, whether growing or not, with a delta-nine tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis. Deems Cannabis sativa L. to meet that concentration limit if a person grows or processes it for purposes of making industrial hemp in accordance with state law.
DEA :“The new drug code (7350) established in [the Rule] does not include materials or products that are excluded from the definition of marijuana set forth in the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). The new drug code includes only those extracts that fall within the CSA definition of marijuana. If a product consisted solely of parts of the cannabis plant excluded from the CSA definition of marijuana, such product would not be included in the new drug code (7350) or in the drug code for marijuana (7360)”
What are the benefits of CBD?
CBD (cannabidiol) offers the full spectrum of health benefits found in medical cannabis but without the side effects of THC. In clinical settings CBD has been shown to help treat cancer, relieve convulsions, inflammation, anxiety, nausea, stress, lower blood pressure, headaches and many more health concerns. Some reports suggest that high concentrations of CBD can actually enhance the effects of THC. While we cannot make claims as to the effects of CBD, Cannabidiol oil, or hemp CBD oil, we are advocates and recommend searching independently for the benefits of CBD.
Will I get "high" from CBD?
No. Our Hemp Extract products are all made from industrial hemp, which only has trace amounts of THC, so there is no psychoactive effect from taking our products. It is THC that is the psychoactive component of cannabis.
What are benefits from using hemp?
Hemp contains excellent nutitional value, providing essential nutritional components called Essential Fatty acids that human body does not produce naturally, and must be consumed by the diet. Further, emerging scientific research supports the consumption of CBD from hemp oil for general well-being and keeps you healthy, but doesn't get you "high". Not only is hemp renewable and fast-growing, nearly every part of the plant is useable - for food, fiber, building materials and fuel, with an estimated 25,000 uses. Hemp sequesters CO2 and doesn't need herbicides to thrive. It also leaves the soil in better condition than before it was planted.